Capital High School

Word of the Day

August 2016


8/8        archetype(AHR kuh type)(noun) the original model or pattern.

The Wright Brothers’ first airplane was an archetype of more advanced airplanes that were to follow.

8/9        bowdlerize(BOWD lur ize)(verb) to omit, abridge, or modify a work of literature that is considered offensive.

                  By choosing to bowderlize Gone With the Wind, the author created another lackluster novel of the Deep South during the Civil War.

8/10     cerebellum(sare uh BELL um)(noun)part of the brain, between the cerebrum and brain stem, that controls muscle coordination and equilibrium.

                  Jack’s loss of muscle coordination was related to an injured cerebellum and caused him to lose balance.

8/11     defeatist(dih FEET ist)(adjective) characterized by acceptance or expectation of defeat.

                  Defeatist comments can set you up for a loss that you are unable to handle.

8/12     ecclesiastical –  (I klee zee AS ti kul)(adjective) belonging to or connected with the Christian religion.

                  The many churches in the old city gave it an ecclesiastical feeling.

8/15     euphonious(you PHONE ee us)(adjective) pleasing to the ear.

                  Carla sings in the choir because she has a sweet, euphonious voice.

8/16     fiefdom(FEEF dum)(noun) something one has rights over.

                  If any fiefdom controlled the hydrogen bomb, it could well control the world.

8/17     gaffe(gaf)(noun) an embarrassing mistake; a crude social error; blunder; faux pas.

                  His failure to consult the county’s Hispanic leadership was a major gaffe and may have cost him the election.

8/18     halyard(HAL yard)(noun) a tackle or rope used on a ship to hoist and lower.

                  In the America’s Cup, experts are needed to handle the halyards to lower the equipment.

8/19     impetuous(im PECH oo wus)(adjective) without much thought; sudden and impulsive; rash.

                  I regret my impetuous decision to buy a new car when I lost my job and couldn’t pay for it.

8/22     injunction(in JUNGK shun)(noun) command or order, usually having to do with the court.

                  Randy was served with an injunction that said he must keep his dog on a leash.

8/23     jaded(JAY dud)(adjective) worn out or wearied as by overwork or overuse.

                  Working sixteen hours a day can make you jaded, exhausted, and in serious need of sleep.

8/24     lessor(LESS or)(noun) one who grants a lease.

                  The real estate agent advised the lessor that the future tenants had questions.

8/25     meritocracy(mare ih TOK ruh see)(noun) a system of rule in which leaders are chosen based on ability and talent instead of wealth and position.

                  Athletics is one system where meritocracy prevails, because you must have talent to succeed.

8/26     nomenclature(NOH mun klay chur)(noun) a specialized system of names and terms used in a particular field of study; a system for naming things.

                  The most difficult part of becoming an X-ray technician is learning all the medical nomenclature because the names don’t always make sense.

8/29     oxymoron(ahk see MAWR ahn)(noun) a figure of speech in which two contradictory words are used together in a phrase;.

                  “Fresh-squeezed juice from concentrate” is an oxymoron some companies use to sell their juices; how can it be fresh-squeezed but from concentrate?

8/30     perpendicular(pur pen DIK yu ler)(adjective) upright or vertical; being at right angles to the plane of the horizon.

                  Because the wall was not perpendicular, it gradually succumbed to gravity and fell over.

8/31     shibboleth(SHIB uh luth)(noun) a slogan, motto, or catchword; any usage that distinguishes one group from another.

                  “We bring good things to life” is the shibboleth for General Electric Company.